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papanasam sivan

Chakravakam – Ragapedia 11

Chakravakam, whose equivalent in Hindustani is Ahir Bhairav, has the same scale as the former and it is only the usage of the notes and the gamakas applied to it that would differentiate the two ragas. Chakravakam is the 16th melakartha ragam of the scheme and Dikshitar called it Thoyavegavahini.

Aarohanam: S R1 G3 M1 P D2 N2 S

Avarohanam: S N2 D2 P M1 G3 R1 S

Carnatic Compositions

  • Varahim Vaishnavim, Veena Pusthaka and Gajananayutham, Dikshitar compositions are in Vegavahini – assuming both Thoyavegavahini and Vegavahini are the same ragas, as there is no specific song in the Dikshitar book in the former.
  • Eesane Indha by Papanasam Sivan
  • Perinbam Ver Ariyen by Ambujam Krishna (not to confuse with song starting in Atana by same composer)
  • Sarojanabha by Swathi Thirunal
  • Pibhare Rama Rasam by Sadasiva Brahmendral is sung in Ahir Bhairav

Listen to Eesane Indha, a Papanasam Sivan composition in the ragam Chakravakam.

 

 

Use in Movies

This is yet another popular ragam used in film music and I shall list a few songs here.

  • Ullathil Nalla Ullam from Karnan
  • Pichandi Thannai from Ganga Gowri (1973)
  • Nee Paadhi Naan Paadhi from Keladi Kanmani
  • Poojaikkaga from Kadhal Oviyam
  • Vidukadhaya from Muthu
  • Karpanaikku Meni Thandhu from Paatum Bharathamum (sounds more Ahir Bhairav)

However, I wanted to share this song from the movie Achamundu Achamundu, Kannil Dhagam, which comes in parts through the later part of the movie; as an extension parts of the background music played in the movie is also Chakravakam, which I though was effective.

Azan and Ahir Bhairav

Adhan / Azan (i.e) the Islamic call for worship is invariably in shades of Ahir Bhairav; so are songs in the Muslim culture. Though it is not a representation, I would like to quote Allah Allah song from Mohammad Bin Thuglak as an example of Ahir Bhairav.

Until next,

Vid πŸ™‚

9. Hindolam

I used to hate this ragam one upon a time. Reason is I never get it right πŸ˜› It is not that it is complex, but is tricky, being a Pa sans raga. It is Hindolam, a Natabhairavi janya, with the below scale…

Aarohanam: S G2 M1 D1 N2 S

Avarohanam: S N2 D1 M1 G2 S

Hindolam is an equivalent of Hindustani’s Malkauns. It has a characteristics of being a serene, gentle, soulful, meditative, enchanting and pleasing. A raga which has both the “viraga dhabamum charana gathi nenjum” (it is capable of invoking romantic feel at an instance, devotion to God in another!). The name Hindolam, it seems, means swing. No wonder, huh πŸ˜‰

The below song is Nambikkettavar Everayya, a song on Sivan by (Papanasam) Sivan…

Songs in Hindolam include:

  • Samajavaragamana by Thyagaraja
  • Govardhana Gireesham by Muthuswamy Dikshitar
  • Maa Ramanan by Papanasam Sivan
  • Mamavathu Sri by Mysore Vasudevacharyar
  • Ramanukku Mannan Mudi by Arunachala Kavirayar
  • Karunanidhiye by Mayuram Vedanayagam Pillai (he was a Christian by birth, and the song is not on any specific God)
  • Naanilam Potrum Nagoora tuned by Nagoor Hanifa

Hindolam seems to have been music composers’ favourite. Melodies in movies are abound from then to now…

  • Maname Muruganin – Kuzhandayum Deivamum
  • Azhaikkadhe – Manalane Mangayin Bagyam
  • Rajasekara – Anarkali
  • Om Namashivaya – Salangai Oli
  • Darisanam Kidaikkadha – Alaigal Oivadhillai
  • Pothi Vecha – Manvasanai
  • Maalai Pozhudhin Mayakkathile – Bhagyalakshmi
  • Mazhai Kodukkum (part of the song) – Karnan (the King Karnan’s intro till 1.25 min in the below video)

For the previous raga in the list – Gambira Nattai

– Until next,

Vid πŸ™‚

Hindolam

I used to hate this ragam one upon a time. Reason is I never get it right πŸ˜› It is not that it is complex, but is tricky, being a Pa sans raga. It is Hindolam, a Natabhairavi janya, with the below scale…

Aarohanam: S G2 M1 D1 N2 S

Avarohanam: S N2 D1 M1 G2 S

Hindolam is an equivalent of Hindustani’s Malkauns. It has a characteristics of being a serene, gentle, soulful, meditative, enchanting and pleasing. A raga which has both the “viraga dhabamum charana gathi nenjum” (it is capable of invoking romantic feel at an instance, devotion to God in another!). The name Hindolam, it seems, means swing. No wonder, huh πŸ˜‰

The below song is Nambikkettavar Everayya, a song on Sivan by (Papanasam) Sivan…

Songs in Hindolam include:

  • Samajavaragamana by Thyagaraja
  • Govardhana Gireesham by Muthuswamy Dikshitar
  • Maa Ramanan by Papanasam Sivan
  • Mamavathu Sri by Mysore Vasudevacharyar
  • Ramanukku Mannan Mudi by Arunachala Kavirayar
  • Karunanidhiye by Mayuram Vedanayagam Pillai (the song is not on any specific God)
  • Naanilam Potrum Nagoora tuned by Nagoor Hanifa

Hindolam seems to have been music composers’ favourite. Melodies in movies are abound from then to now…

  • Maname Muruganin – Kuzhandayum Deivamum
  • Azhaikkadhe – Manalane Mangayin Bagyam
  • Rajasekara – Anarkali
  • Om Namashivaya – Salangai Oli
  • Darisanam Kidaikkadha – Alaigal Oivadhillai
  • Pothi Vecha – Manvasanai
  • Maalai Pozhudhin Mayakkathile – Bhagyalakshmi
  • Mazhai Kodukkum (part of the song) – Karnan (Karnan’s intro till 1:50 min in the below video)

For the previous raga in the list – Gambira Nattai

  • Until next,

Vid πŸ™‚

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