Panthuvarali is also called Kamavardhini as per the katapaya nomenclature and called Kasi Ramakriya as per Dikshitar literature. It is the 51st of the 72 melakartha scale system.

Aarohanam: S R1 G3 M2 P D1 N3 S

Avarohanam: S N3 D1 P M2 G3 R1 S

Apparently Panthuvarali and Kamavardhini were not the same originally. What is now Subhapanthuvarali was called Panthuvarali or Shivapanthuvarali; what is now Kamavardhini was called Ramakriya. (Source: Sanjay’s blog) However, thanks to evolution, now Panthuvarali and Shubapanthuvarali are two different ragas.

Carnatic Compositions

  • Sambo Mahadeva, Saramegani, Aparama Bhakthi, Shobaane, Siva Siva are few of the many krithis by Thyagaraja
  • Ramanatham Bhajeham, Senapathe Palayamam by Muthuswamy Dikshitar
  • Sarasaksha Paripalayamam by Swathi Thirunal
  • Neeye Pedhai Mugam (varnam) by Papanasam Sivan
  • Enna Ganu Rama Bhajana by Bhadrachala Ramadas
  • Varuga Varuga by Balamurali Krishna

Listen to me singing Sambo Mahadeva, a Thyagaraja krithi.

Used in movies

When I was reading about movie songs based out of Panthuvarali, I observed that there are 3 or more songs in various Bala (director) movies – Piraye Piraye from Pithamagan, Om Sivoham from Naan Kadavul, Or Aayiram Yanai and Amma Endrale from Nandha. Probably because the raga fits the intense mood of his genre of movies.

This raga has been extensively used by other music directors as well. Amba Manam (a Papanasam Sivan composition in Sivakavi), Deviyai Poojai Seivai from Savithri, first part of Ezhu Swarangalukkul (in Apoorva Ragangal by MSV), Rojavai Thaalaatum /  Kanal Neer Pol (two versions with the same tune in Niniaivellam Nithya by Ilayaraja), Macha Machiniye (in Star by AR Rahman), and many other popular film songs exists in this raga.

I shall leave you with this song Deviyai Poojai Seivai from the 1941 movie Savithiri, where MS Subbalakshmi dons the character of Naradha and acts and sings the said song; enjoy listening.

Until next,

Vid 🙂