I used to hate this ragam one upon a time. Reason is I never get it right 😛 It is not that it is complex, but is tricky, being a Pa sans raga. It is Hindolam, a Natabhairavi janya, with the below scale…

Aarohanam: S G2 M1 D1 N2 S

Avarohanam: S N2 D1 M1 G2 S

Hindolam is an equivalent of Hindustani’s Malkauns. It has a characteristics of being a serene, gentle, soulful, meditative, enchanting and pleasing. A raga which has both the “viraga dhabamum charana gathi nenjum” (it is capable of invoking romantic feel at an instance, devotion to God in another!). The name Hindolam, it seems, means swing. No wonder, huh 😉

The below song is Nambikkettavar Everayya, a song on Sivan by (Papanasam) Sivan…

Songs in Hindolam include:

  • Samajavaragamana by Thyagaraja
  • Govardhana Gireesham by Muthuswamy Dikshitar
  • Maa Ramanan by Papanasam Sivan
  • Mamavathu Sri by Mysore Vasudevacharyar
  • Ramanukku Mannan Mudi by Arunachala Kavirayar
  • Karunanidhiye by Mayuram Vedanayagam Pillai (he was a Christian by birth, and the song is not on any specific God)
  • Naanilam Potrum Nagoora tuned by Nagoor Hanifa

Hindolam seems to have been music composers’ favourite. Melodies in movies are abound from then to now…

  • Maname Muruganin – Kuzhandayum Deivamum
  • Azhaikkadhe – Manalane Mangayin Bagyam
  • Rajasekara – Anarkali
  • Om Namashivaya – Salangai Oli
  • Darisanam Kidaikkadha – Alaigal Oivadhillai
  • Pothi Vecha – Manvasanai
  • Maalai Pozhudhin Mayakkathile – Bhagyalakshmi
  • Mazhai Kodukkum (part of the song) – Karnan (the King Karnan’s intro till 1.25 min in the below video)

For the previous raga in the list – Gambira Nattai

– Until next,

Vid 🙂