A ragam very close to my heart. A ragam that is bhava-rich and full of gamakas that it was called by Muthuswamy Dikshitar as “Dasa GamakaKriya” in his last composition Meenakshi Memudham Dehi. The ragam is Purvi Kalyani. More on the song and the way it was composed, here.
PurviKalyani is a descendant ragam of Gamanashrama. The scale goes – S R1 G3 M2 P D2 P S / S N3 D2 P M2 G3 R1 S, where the usage of phrases like PDPS or GMDS is the standard that marks the raga. Below is a song of Neelakanta Sivan, Aanandha Natamaaduvaar .
Few other kritis in this raga, viz., Gnana Mosaga Raadha and Paraloka Sadhaname by Thyagaraja; Marukkulaviya, a Thiruppugazh is widely sung in PurviKalyani.
Movie songs are not very frequent, the reason I guess might be because this raga is difficult to handle. But a couple of beautiful interpretations (both composed by Ilayaraja) are:
Amudhe Tamizhe – Kovil Pura
Ethilum Ingu – Bharathi
– Until next,